Understanding What AMD Does to Your Vision
Submitted by Elman Retina Group on July 16, 2019
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss in people over the age of 50. AMD damages the macula, the part of the eye necessary for “straight-ahead” vision. AMD itself does not result in blindness, but sufferers may experience a lower quality of life.
Board-certified ophthalmologist and retina specialist Michael J. Elman, M.D, has over 30 years of experience treating AMD patients. Read on to learn about how AMD may negatively impact your vision.
What Is the Macula?
The macula is the part of the eye responsible for your central vision and visual acuity. This portion of the retina is located at the rear center of the eye. Damage to the macula impairs the eye’s ability to process light entering the eye, which in turn affects central vision.
Symptoms of AMD
There are several symptoms of AMD that may arise. These include:
- Blurred, fuzzy, or dark areas in your vision (particularly in the center)
- Difficulty reading and seeing in low-light conditions
- Sensitivity to glare
- Straight lines appear blurred or distorted
It is important to note that AMD may begin without symptoms. But as the diseases progresses, the symptoms mentioned above become more noticeable. Individuals with advanced stages of AMD may have difficulty performing everyday tasks that rely on central vision and the ability to see fine detail. These activities include reading road signs or up close, recognizing faces, sewing, driving, or watching television.
Since AMD affects the central part of your vision only and not your peripheral vision, it does not cause total blindness. But because it affects the ability to complete daily tasks, it can have a major impact on your quality of life.
AMD is diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam with a board-certified ophthalmologist. While there is no cure for AMD, treatment can slow down the progression of the disease. Treatment options depend on the type and severity of AMD. If you suffer from wet AMD, the injection of anti-angiogenic drugs may prevent further loss of vision. Likewise, laser therapy may destroy the blood vessels that cause further macular degeneration.
Studies show that the risk for AMD vision loss decreases if you take vitamin supplements rich in Vitamins C, E, and others.
AMD Treatment in Baltimore
If you’re looking for AMD treatment in Baltimore, Dr. Elman is here to help. With over 30 years of experience treating eye disease, Dr. Elman looks forward to helping preserve your vision for years to come. Contact us for a consultation today!