Endophthalmitis Care in Baltimore
The only nice thing that can be said about the disease known as endophthalmitis is that it rarely occurs. This infection of the inside of the eyeball can cause extensive and permanent vision loss if it is allowed to progress unchecked, and its ability to mimic the symptoms of other disorders can lead to misdiagnosis. That’s why you should bring your symptoms to the retina specialists here at Elman Retina Group so you can get the accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment you need.
What Causes Endophthalmitis?
It’s very difficult to get endophthalmitis because the inside of the eye is usually completely sealed off to the outside world. But once bacteria, viruses or fungi do manage to enter the eyeball, these organisms can cause acute infection. The two primary categories of endophthalmitis are:
- Exogenous endophthalmitis – Exogenous endophthalmitis involves the intrusion of organisms through an external opening created in the eye. Any surgical procedure that creates such an opening, from cataract removal to refractive correction surgery, creates a miniscule but genuine risk of this occurrence.
- Endogenous endophthalmitis – Endogenous endophthalmitis involves the spread of an existing infection from another part of the body (or even another part of the eye, as in conjunctivitis) to the eye’s interior. Individuals with chronic infectious illness and/or weak immune immune systems are at elevated risk.
Endophthalmitis can present some of the symptoms of other eye problems, from the redness of conjunctivitis to the eye pain, vision loss and headaches associated with angle-closure glaucoma. If the infection goes untreated, blindness can result.
How Our Retina Specialists Fight Intraocular Infection
Our retina specialists at Elman Retina Group understand the need for immediate diagnosis and treatment of a case of endophthalmitis. An eye exam can help confirm the hallmark symptoms of the disease, while a fluid sample drawn from the eye can enable us to identify the organism responsible. We may also utilize ultrasound and other imaging techniques to view any damage to specific eye structures.
Once we’ve got a good understanding of your endophthalmitis, we will treat it as aggressively as possible to stop its progress before it can do further harm. In addition to topical antibiotic eye drops, we may also inject antibiotics directly into the eye for maximum effect. Even systemic antibiotics can help some cases of endophthalmitis. If the vitreous humor (the gelatinous “filling”of the eye) is severely infected, we may perform a procedure called a vitrectomy. Removing the infected vitreous humor and replacing it with sterile saline can dramatically boost our chances for restoring optimal eyesight.
Experiencing Endophthalmitis Symptoms? Contact Us Immediately
If you’ve recently suffered a systemic infection of undergone eye surgery and are experienced the symptoms of endophthalmitis, including eye pain, vision loss, headaches, swelling in and round the eye or redness in the eye, don’t take any chances. Contact Elman Retina Group immediately for an expert diagnosis and sight-saving treatment from our retina specialists!